Types of construction projects

There are seven distinct types of construction projects categorized on the website. Below we provide a definition of the types of projects and some examples. Employers on buildy can set the type of construction project when creating a new role. This will Employers to more properly identify workers who have experience working in such projects.

Residential projects
Developments such as houses, townhouses, apartments, condominiums, cottages, single unit dwellings and subdivisions can all be considered as residential construction projects. Architects and engineers complete the house designs. Builders, with often the aid of subcontractors, perform the construction work which includes the structural, electrical, mechanical and other specialty work. Residential projects are often constrained due to the need to conform to local building authority regulations and codes of practice.

Building projects
Building projects entail the addition of a new structure to an existing property. Examples of building projects are room additions and home renovations, such as loft extensions, side extensions as well as bathroom or kitchen refurbishments. Builders will handle the entire process of sourcing tradesmen or laborers, sourcing materials, handling scheduling, installation and maintenance.

Institutional and commercial
Institutional and commercial projects include work on hospitals and clinics, schools and universities, sports facilities and stadiums, large shopping centers and retail chain stores, light manufacturing plants and warehouses and skyscrapers for offices and hotels. Institutional and commercial projects must also to conform to strict regulations and codes of practice depending on their size, maximum occupancy and other factors. These projects involve dozens, if not hundreds of personnel and span years in development time.

Industrial construction developments are intended for use in manufacturing, or energy related industries such as power, medicine and medical supplies, petroleum, or consumer goods. Similar to institutional and commercial developments, industrial developments tend to be outside of urban areas and are constrained based on their local micro-economic and environmental impacts.

Specialized industrial construction
Specialized industrial construction include developments with a high degree of technological complexity such as nuclear power plants, chemical processing plants, steel mills and oil refineries.

Highway construction
Highway construction involves the construction, alteration, or repair of roads, highways, streets, alleys, runways, paths, parking areas, etc. It includes all incidental construction in conjunction with the highway construction project.

Heavy Construction
Heavy construction projects usually involve projects that are not properly classified as either “building” or “highway.” Examples of this type of project would be: water and sewer line projects, dams, sewage treatment plants and facilities, flood control projects, dredging projects, and water treatment plants and facilities.

Should you have any further questions about the types of these construction projects, please contact us. Similarly, if you would like to contribute to these definitions by providing more material, then contact us.